Timur, A. A., Murugesan, G., Zhang, L., Barnard, J., Bhatt, D. L., Kottke-Marchant, K. Multi-parameter assessment of platelet inhibition and its stability during aspirin and clopidogrel therapy Thromb Res. 2014;NA(NA):NA.

INTRODUCTION: Poor response to antiplatelet drugs is associated with adverse outcomes. We assessed platelet inhibition and its stability and tested correlation and agreement between platelet function assays.

METHODS: Peripheral blood from 58 patients on both aspirin and clopidogrel who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) was collected at hospital discharge (visit-1) and at 30-90 days (visit-2). Platelet function was measured using light transmission aggregometry (LTA-AA and LTA-ADP), VerifyNow(R) (Aspirin; ARU and P2Y12; PRU), ex vivo TxB2, urinary 11dhTxB2, and VASP (PRI) assays. Data were analyzed as continuous, quartiles and binary. Patients were defined as aspirin poor responder (PR) with ARU ≥550, LTA-AA maximum ≥20%, TxB2 ≥1ng/mL or 11dhTxB2 ≥1,500pg/mg of creatinine and as clopidogrel PR with PRU ≥240, PRU ≥208, LTA-ADP maximum ≥40%, PRI ≥50%, or PRI ≥66%. RESULTS: Aspirin PR was 3-33% and clopidogrel PR was 10-35% in visit-1. LTA-AA, 11dhTxB2, and all clopidogrel-response measures showed correlation and agreement between visit-1 and visit-2. The highest agreement between two visits was revealed by PRU ≥240 and PRI ≥66% (PRU-kappa=0.7, 95% CI=0.47, 0.93; PRI-kappa=0.69, 95% CI=0.42, 0.95, p-values<0.001). Comparison of platelet function assays in a single visit (visit-1) revealed a poor correlation between LTA-AA and 11dhTxB2 assays and no agreement among aspirin-response assays. The highest correlation and agreement were obtained between VerifyNow(R) P2Y12 and VASP assays (rho=0.7, p-value<0.001 and PRU ≥208-PRI-kappa=0.41-0.42, 95% CI=0.13, 0.69, p-values<0.001).

CONCLUSIONS: Platelet inhibition is stable during aspirin and clopidogrel treatment. Clopidogrel-response assays correlate and agree with each other better than aspirin-response assays.