Abstract

Passamani, E., Hodges, M., Herman, M., Grose, R., Chaitman, B., Rogers, W., Forman, S., Terrin, M., Knatterud, G., Robertson, T., et al., The Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) phase II pilot study: tissue plasminogen activator followed by percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty Journal of the American College of Cardiology. 1987;10(5 Suppl 2):51B-64B.

The Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) Study Group is investigating whether percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty or intravenous beta-receptor blockers, or both, are useful adjuncts to recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator (rt-PA) in the treatment of patients with acute myocardial infarction (TIMI II study). A total of 317 patients with acute myocardial infarction were treated an average of 2.7 hours after the onset of chest pain during the course of a nonrandomized pilot investigation with 150 mg of rt-PA given over 6 hours. This dose of rt-PA resulted in a high rate of infarct-related coronary artery patency (82 and 87% of patients catheterized an average of either 1 or 32 hours after entry, respectively) and a low 21 day mortality rate of 4.4%. Coronary angioplasty was performed successfully in greater than 90% of patients with appropriate anatomy and in greater than 50% of those treated with rt-PA. In 75 patients treated within 2 hours of the onset of chest pain only 2 (2.7%) were dead by 6 weeks. However, five cases of intracranial hemorrhage were noted, and the rt-PA dose was subsequently reduced to 100 mg given over 6 hours. The TIMI II design and the results of the TIMI II pilot study are discussed.

Trial: TIMI 2A