Abstract

Bui, A. H., Bonaca, M. P., Sabatine, M. S., Ray, K. K., Rifai, N., Cannon, C. P., Morrow, D. A. Elevated concentration of placental growth factor (PlGF) and long term risk in patients with acute coronary syndrome in the PROVE IT-TIMI 22 trial J Thromb Thrombolysis. 2012;34(2):222-8.

Placental growth factor (PlGF), a member of the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) family, acts via the flt-1 receptor and promotes endothelial activation and macrophage recruitment into atherosclerotic lesions. We investigated the relationship of PlGF with cardiovascular outcomes in a large cohort of patients presenting across the spectrum of ACS. PlGF was measured at baseline (n = 3,761) and at four-months (n = 3,369) in patients randomized to atorvastatin 80 mg or pravastatin 40 mg after ACS in the PROVE IT-TIMI 22 trial. The primary endpoint was death, myocardial infarction (MI), unstable angina, revascularization or stroke (mean follow-up 24 months). Elevated baseline PlGF was associated with a higher incidence of the primary endpoint through 2 years (Q1 vs. Q5: 18.7 vs. 29.3%, p < 0.0001). The risk of death or MI was also higher in patients with elevated baseline PlGF (Q1 vs. Q5: 7.0 vs. 11.6%, p = 0.029). Adjusting for baseline characteristics and risk factors, elevated baseline PlGF was independently associated with the risk of the primary endpoint (adjusted-HR for Q5 vs. Q1 1.45; 95% CI 1.16-1.83; p = 0.001). Elevated PlGF at four months was associated with higher risk of death or MI (Adjusted HR Q5 vs. Q1 2.79, 95% CI: 1.37-5.68; p = 0.005), and higher risk of the primary endpoint (Adjusted HR Q5 vs. Q1 1.78, 95% CI: 1.26-2.51; p = 0.001). Higher concentration of PlGF after ACS is associated with long-term risk of recurrent cardiovascular events independent of traditional risk factors. This association is present early after ACS and appears to be stronger at four months.

Trial: PROVE IT-TIMI 22