Wiviott, S. D., Morrow, D. A., Frederick, P. D., Giugliano, R. P., Gibson, C. M., McCabe, C. H., Cannon, C. P., Antman, E. M., Braunwald, E. Performance of the thrombolysis in myocardial infarction risk index in the National Registry of Myocardial Infarction-3 and -4: a simple index that predicts mortality in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction J Am Coll Cardiol. 2004;44(4):783-9.

OBJECTIVES: We sought to evaluate a simple risk index based on age and vital signs in a community sample of patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). BACKGROUND: A simple risk index based on age and vital signs (heart rate x [age/10](2)/systolic blood pressure) developed from patients with STEMI accurately predicts mortality in clinical trials of fibrinolysis. The application of such a tool in an unselected population is necessary to evaluate its utility in clinical practice.

METHODS: To evaluate the Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) risk index for routine practice, we tested it in the National Registry of Myocardial Infarction (NRMI)-3 and -4. The risk index was evaluated as a continuous variable in patients with STEMI from NRMI and in subgroups based on age and reperfusion status.

RESULTS: A total of 153,486 patients with STEMI were eligible. As anticipated, STEMI patients in NRMI had a higher risk index profile, as compared with those in the clinical trial (median 26.9 vs. 20, p < 0.0001). Classification of NRMI patients with STEMI into risk groups revealed a significant graded relationship with mortality (0.9% to53.2%, p(trend) < 0.0001, c statistic 0.79). The discriminatory capacity of the risk index was particularly strong in the 81,679 patients receiving reperfusion therapy (0.6% to60%, p(trend) < 0.0001, c statistic 0.81). For the 71,807 patients not receiving reperfusion therapy, a strong graded relationship remained (1.9% to 52.2%, p(trend) < 0.0001, c statistic 0.71). Among the elderly, although the distribution of scores was shifted toward higher risk, the performance remained (0% to 53.1%, p(trend)< 0.0001, c statistic 0.71).

CONCLUSIONS: A simple risk index from baseline clinical variables routinely obtained at the first patient encounter predicted mortality in a large unselected heterogeneous group of patients with STEMI.