Abstract

Kleiman, N. S., Lakkis, N., Cannon, C. P., Murphy, S. A., DiBattiste, P. M., Demopoulos, L. A., Weintraub, W. S., Braunwald, E. Prospective analysis of creatine kinase muscle-brain fraction and comparison with troponin T to predict cardiac risk and benefit of an invasive strategy in patients with non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndromes J Am Coll Cardiol. 2002;40(6):1044-50.

OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine whether elevation of plasma creatine kinase muscle-brain fraction (CK-MB) would be useful to triage patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) to early angiography/revascularization.

BACKGROUND: It is unknown whether the measurement of CK-MB is effective for triage to an aggressive management strategy. METHOD: Patients in the Treat Angina With Aggrastat and Determine Cost of Therapy With an Invasive or Conservative Strategy (TACTICS-TIMI) 18 study received aspirin, heparin, and tirofiban for treatment of ACS, were randomized to an invasive or a conservative strategy (angiography/revascularization between 4 and 48 h), and were followed up for a composite end point of death, myocardial infarction, or rehospitalization for ACS. Of 2,220 patients, CK-MB was elevated in 826 (37%). Of the patients with negative CK-MB, troponin T was elevated in 361 (31.2%). Event rates at 30 and 180 days were twice as high in patients with elevated CK-MB than in patients without elevated CK-MB. Both groups had similar benefit from an invasive strategy; there was no evidence of interaction between CK-MB elevation and strategy on the composite end point at 30 or 180 days. When patients were stratified according to both CK-MB and troponin status, there was evidence of a benefit in the invasive strategy among patients who were CK-negative but troponin-positive (odds ratios [95% confidence interval]: 0.13 [0.04 to 0.39] at 30 days and 0.29 [0.16 to 0.52] at 180 days). CONCLUSION: Patients with minimal amounts of recent onset myonecrosis but elevated risk as indicated by CK-MB and troponin, respectively, benefit most from invasive management. Determination of troponin levels yielded significant information regarding triage to an invasive strategy, particularly in CK-MB-negative patients.

Trial: TACTICS-TIMI 18