Hochholzer, W., Giugliano, R. P. Does it make sense to combine statins with other lipid-altering agents following AIM-HIGH, SHARP and ACCORD? Curr Atheroscler Rep. 2013;15(1):290.

Hypercholesterolemia is one of the main risk factors for the development of atherosclerotic diseases. Multiple clinical trials of lipid-lowering agents have demonstrated that lowering cholesterol effectively reduces the risk of cardiovascular events and death. Currently, treatment with 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitors ("statins") is the most commonly used approach, given their superior efficacy relative to other cholesterol lowering agents. However, not all patients on statin monotherapy achieve target cholesterol levels, and even when cholesterol lowering is successful, significant residual cardiovascular risk remains. There is increasing interest in developing combination cholesterol-modifying therapies that may augment the treatment effect and minimize the side effects of statins. Although there is currently no evidence that any of the potential therapy combinations can improve clinical outcome compared to statin monotherapy alone, results of several large ongoing trials will help to clarify this important field.