O'Donoghue, M. L., Mallat, Z., Morrow, D. A., Benessiano, J., Sloan, S., Omland, T., Solomon, S. D., Braunwald, E., Tedgui, A., Sabatine, M. S. Prognostic utility of secretory phospholipase A(2) in patients with stable coronary artery disease Clinical chemistry. 2011;57(9):1311-7.

BACKGROUND: Secretory phospholipase A(2) (sPLA(2)) may contribute to atherogenesis. To date, few prospective studies have examined the utility of sPLA(2) for risk stratification in coronary artery disease (CAD).

METHODS: We measured plasma sPLA(2) activity at baseline in 3708 subjects in the PEACE randomized trial of trandolapril vs placebo in stable CAD. Median follow-up was 4.8 years. We used Cox regression to adjust for demographics, clinical risk factors, apolipoprotein B, apolipoprotein A1, and medications.

RESULTS: After multivariable adjustment, sPLA(2) was associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, or stroke (adjusted hazard ratio Q4:Q1 1.55, 95% CI 1.13-2.14) and cardiovascular death or heart failure (1.91, 1.20-3.03). In further multivariable assessment, increased activity levels of sPLA(2) were associated with the risk of cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, or stroke (adjusted hazard ratio 1.47, 95% CI 1.06-2.04), independent of lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A(2) mass and C-reactive protein, and modestly improved the area under the curve (AUC) beyond established clinical risk factors (AUC 0.668-0.675, P = 0.01). sPLA(2), N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide, and high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T all were independently associated with cardiovascular death or heart failure, and each improved risk discrimination (P = 0.02, P < 0.001, P < 0.001, respectively).

CONCLUSIONS: sPLA(2) activity provides independent prognostic information beyond established risk markers in patients with stable CAD. These data are encouraging for studies designed to evaluate the role of sPLA(2) as a therapeutic target.