Scirica, B. M., Kadakia, M. B., de Lemos, J. A., Roe, M. T., Morrow, D. A., Li, S., Wiviott, S. D., Kontos, M. C., on behalf of the National Cardiovascular Data, Registry Association between Natriuretic Peptides and Mortality among Patients Admitted with Myocardial Infarction: A Report from the ACTION Registry(R)-GWTG Clin Chem. 2013;NA(NA):NA.

BACKGROUND: Patients with increased blood concentrations of natriuretic peptides (NPs) have poor cardiovascular outcomes after myocardial infarction (MI). The objectives of this analysis were to evaluate the utilization and the prognostic value of NP in a large, real-world MI cohort.

METHODS: Data from 41 683 patients with non-ST-segment elevation MI (NSTEMI) and 27 860 patients with ST-segment elevation MI (STEMI) at 309 US hospitals were collected as part of the ACTION Registry(R)-GWTG (Acute Coronary Treatment and Intervention Outcomes Network Registry-Get with the Guidelines) (AR-G) between July 2008 and September 2009.RESULTS: B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) or N-terminal pro-BNP (NT-proBNP) was measured in 19 528 (47%) of NSTEMI and 9220 (33%) of STEMI patients. Patients in whom NPs were measured were older and had more comorbidities, including prior heart failure or MI. There was a stepwise increase in the risk of in-hospital mortality with increasing BNP quartiles for both NSTEMI (1.3% vs 3.2% vs 5.8% vs 11.1%) and STEMI (1.9% vs 3.9% vs 8.2% vs 17.9%). The addition of BNP to the AR-G clinical model improved the C statistic from 0.796 to 0.807 (P < 0.001) for NSTEMI and from 0.848 to 0.855 (P = 0.003) for STEMI. The relationship between NPs and mortality was similar in patients without a history of heart failure or cardiogenic shock on presentation and in patients with preserved left ventricular function.CONCLUSIONS: NPs are measured in almost 50% of patients in the US admitted with MI and appear to be used in patients with more comorbidities. Higher NP concentrations were strongly and independently associated with in-hospital mortality in the almost 30 000 patients in whom NPs were assessed, including patients without heart failure.