Abstract

de Lemos, J. A., Morrow, D. A., Sabatine, M. S., Murphy, S. A., Gibson, C. M., Antman, E. M., McCabe, C. H., Cannon, C. P., Braunwald, E. Association between plasma levels of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 and long-term clinical outcomes in patients with acute coronary syndromes Circulation. 2003;107(5):690-5.

BACKGROUND: Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) is a chemokine responsible for the recruitment of monocytes to sites of inflammation. MCP-1 appears to play a critical role at multiple stages in atherosclerosis, including the initiation of the fatty streak, promotion of plaque instability, and remodeling after myocardial infarction.

METHODS AND RESULTS: MCP-1 was measured from frozen plasma specimens in 279 healthy volunteers and 2270 patients with acute coronary syndromes enrolled in the Oral Glycoprotein IIb/IIIa Inhibition with Orbofiban in Patients with Unstable Coronary Syndromes (OPUS-TIMI) 16 trial. Median [25th, 75th percentiles] MCP-1 levels were 157 [124, 196] pg/mL in healthy volunteers and 178 [128, 238] pg/mL in the OPUS-TIMI 16 population (P<0.001). In OPUS-TIMI 16, baseline MCP-1 levels were associated with older age, female sex, hypertension, diabetes, prior coronary disease, and renal insufficiency (P<0.01 for each) but not with smoking status, body mass index, ejection fraction, troponin I or C-reactive protein. After adjustment for differences in baseline characteristics, ECG changes, troponin I, and C-reactive protein, an MCP-1 level >75th percentile (corresponding to the 90th percentile in the healthy volunteers) was associated with an increased risk of death or myocardial infarction through 10 months of follow-up (adjusted hazard ratio, 1.53; 95% CI, 1.09 to 2.14; P=0.01).

CONCLUSIONS: In a large cohort of patients with acute coronary syndromes, an elevated baseline level of MCP-1 was associated both with traditional risk factors for atherosclerosis as well as an increased risk for death or myocardial infarction, independent of baseline variables. Because it appears to play a crucial role at multiple stages of atherosclerosis, MCP-1 is attractive as a surrogate biomarker and merits further study as a potential therapeutic target.

Trial: OPUS-TIMI 16