Aguirre, F. V., Younis, L. T., Chaitman, B. R., Ross, A. M., McMahon, R. P., Kern, M. J., Berger, P. B., Sopko, G., Rogers, W. J., Shaw, L., et al., Early and 1-year clinical outcome of patients' evolving non-Q-wave versus Q-wave myocardial infarction after thrombolysis. Results from The TIMI II Study Circulation. 1995;91(10):2541-8.

BACKGROUND: There are few data comparing clinical outcome and potential indications for routine post-myocardial infarction cardiac catheterization and revascularization of patients who sustain a non-Q-wave versus Q-wave infarct after thrombolytic therapy.

METHODS AND RESULTS: A secondary analysis of 2634 patients enrolled in the TIMI II trial with a first myocardial infarction was performed to determine 6-week and 1-year cardiac event rates and identify clinical and angiographic differences between the 1867 patients (70.9%) who evolved a Q-wave infarct and the 767 patients (29.1%) who sustained a non-Q-wave infarct after treatment with intravenous thrombolytic therapy. Male sex (85.3% versus 75.6%; P < .001) and anterior wall infarcts (53.8% versus 43.7%; P < .001) were more frequent in the Q-wave versus the non-Q-wave group. During recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator (rTPA) infusion, a greater percentage of non-Q-wave patients (37.3% versus 23.5%; P = .001) had normalization of initial ST-segment elevation. Infarct-related artery patency (TIMI flow grade 2 or 3) (P = .02), complete infarct-related artery reperfusion (TIMI 3 flow grade) (P < .001), and the percentage of patients with a predischarge resting left ventricular ejection fraction > 55% (P < .001) were greater in the non-Q-wave group. New congestive heart failure during hospitalization developed more frequently in Q-wave patients (18.9% versus 11.6%; P < .001). After 42 days, the occurrences of reinfarction (P = .76), death (P = .76), and combined death or reinfarction (P = .43) were similar in patients assigned to the invasive or conservative postlytic management strategy, regardless of infarct type. One-year mortality was 3.4% versus 4.4% for non-Q-wave versus Q-wave infarct type, respectively (P = .25).

CONCLUSIONS: Angiographic and clinical differences were observed between patients who present with initial ST-segment elevation and evolve early non-Q-wave versus Q-wave myocardial infarcts after treatment with rTPA, heparin, and aspirin. Early mortality and adverse clinical cardiac events in these patients are not significantly different after a conservative compared with an invasive treatment strategy, regardless of whether the infarct type is non-Q wave or Q wave.

Trial: TIMI 2B