Cannon CP, McCabe CH, Borzak S, Henry TD, Tischler MD, Mueller HS, Feldman R, Palmeri ST, Ault K, Hamilton SA, Rothman JM, Novotny WF, Braunwald E. Randomized trial of an oral platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa antagonist, sibrafiban, in patients after an acute coronary syndrome: results of the TIMI 12 trial. Circulation. 1998;97:340-9.

BACKGROUND: Inhibitors of the platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa receptor given intravenously have been shown to be effective in reducing ischemic complications after coronary angioplasty and in unstable angina, making this a promising new class of agents for the treatment and prevention of ischemic events in patients with acute coronary syndromes. Sibrafiban (Ro 48-3657) is an oral, peptidomimetic, selective antagonist of the glycoprotein IIb/IIIa receptor.

METHODS AND RESULTS: The Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) 12 trial was a phase II, double-blind, dose-ranging trial designed to evaluate the pharmacokinetics (PK), pharmacodynamics (PD), safety, and tolerability of sibrafiban in 329 patients after acute coronary syndromes. In the PK/PD cohort of TIMI 12, 106 patients were randomized to receive one of seven dosing regimens of sibrafiban, ranging from 5 mg daily to 10 mg twice daily for 28 days. In the safety cohort, 223 patients were randomized to one of four dose regimens of sibrafiban (ranging from 5 mg twice daily to 15 mg once daily) or aspirin for 28 days. High levels of platelet inhibition were achieved: mean peak values ranged from 47% to 97% inhibition of 20 micromol/L ADP-induced platelet aggregation on day 28 across the seven doses. Twice-daily dosing provided more sustained platelet inhibition (mean inhibition, 36% to 86% on day 28), whereas platelet inhibition returned to baseline levels by 24 hours with once-daily dosing. Major hemorrhage occurred in 1.5% of patients treated with sibrafiban and in 1.9% of patients treated with aspirin. Protocol-defined "minor" bleeding, usually mucocutaneous, occurred in 0% to 32% of patients in the various sibrafiban groups and in none of the patients treated with aspirin. Minor bleeding was related to total daily dose (P=.002), once- versus twice-daily dosing (P<.0001), renal function (P<.0001), and presentation with unstable angina (P<.01).

CONCLUSIONS: The oral glycoprotein IIb/IIIa antagonist sibrafiban achieved effective, long-term platelet inhibition with a clear dose-response but at the expense of a relatively high incidence of minor bleeding. Oral IIb/IIIa inhibition deserves further study as a new treatment strategy in patients after acute coronary syndromes.

Trial: TIMI 12