Abstract

Antman EM, Giugliano RP, Gibson CM, McCabe CH, Coussement P, Kleiman NS, Vahanian A, Adgey AA, Menown I, Rupprecht HJ, Van der Wieken R, Ducas J, Scherer J, Anderson K, Van de Werf F, Braunwald E. Abciximab facilitates the rate and extent of thrombolysis: results of the Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) 14 trial. Circulation. 1999;99:2720-32.

BACKGROUND: The TIMI 14 trial tested the hypothesis that abciximab, the Fab fragment of a monoclonal antibody directed to the platelet glycoprotein (GP) IIb/IIIa receptor, is a potent and safe addition to reduced-dose thrombolytic regimens for ST-segment elevation MI.

METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients (n=888) with ST-elevation MI presenting


CONCLUSIONS: Abciximab facilitates the rate and extent of thrombolysis, producing early, marked increases in TIMI 3 flow when combined with half the usual dose of alteplase. This improvement in reperfusion with alteplase occurred without an increase in the risk of major bleeding. Substantial reductions in heparin dosing may reduce the risk of bleeding even further. Modest improvements in TIMI 3 flow were seen when abciximab was combined with streptokinase, but there was an increased risk of bleeding.

Trial: TIMI 14