Abstract

Birnbaum, Y., Kloner, R. A., Sclarovsky, S., Cannon, C. P., McCabe, C. H., Davis, V. G., Zaret, B. L., Wackers, F. J., Braunwald, E. Distortion of the terminal portion of the QRS on the admission electrocardiogram in acute myocardial infarction and correlation with infarct size and long-term prognosis (Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction 4 Trial) American journal of cardiology. 1996;78(4):396-403.

Previous studies have shown an association between distortion of the terminal portion of the QRS (QRS[+] pattern: emergence of the J point > or = 50%. of the R wave in leads with qR configuration or disappearance of the S wave in leads with an Rs configuration) on admission and in-hospital mortality in acute myocardial infarction (AMI). However, the mechanism for this association is not known. We assessed the relation between QRS(+) pattern and coronary angiographic findings, infarct size, and long-term prognosis in the Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction 4 trial. Patients were allocated into 2 groups based on the presence (QRS[+], n = 85) or absence (QRS[-], n = 293) of QRS distortion. The QRS(+) patients were older (mean +/- SD: 61.1 +/- 10.6 vs 57.5 +/- 10.6 years, p = 0.004), had more anterior AMI (49% vs 37%, p = 0.04), and less previous angina (42% vs 54%, p = 0.05). QRS(+) patients had larger infarct size as assessed by creatine kinase release over 24 hours (209 +/- 147 vs 155 +/- 129, p = 0.003), and predischarge sestamibi (MIBI) defect (17.9 +/- 15.9% vs 11.2 +/- 13.4%, p <0.001). When adjusting for difference in baseline characteristics, p values for the differences in 24-hour creatine kinase release were 0.03 and 0.64 for anterior and nonanterior AMI, respectively, and for MIBI defect size 0.03 and 0.02, respectively. One-year mortality (18% vs 6%, p = 0.03) was higher and the weighted end point of death, reinfarction, heart failure, or left ventricular ejection fraction <40% (0.33 +/- 0.37 vs 0.24 +/- 0.32, p = 0. 13), tended to be higher in the anterior AMI patients with QRS(+). No difference in clinical outcome was found in patients with non-anterior AMI. These findings suggest that this simple electrocardiographic definition of presence of QRS(+) pattern on admission may provide an early estimation of infarct size and long-term prognosis, especially in anterior AMI.

Trial: TIMI 4