Tanasijevic, M. J., Cannon, C. P., Wybenga, D. R., Fischer, G. A., Grudzien, C., Gibson, C. M., Winkelman, J. W., Antman, E. M., Braunwald, E. Myoglobin, creatine kinase MB, and cardiac troponin-I to assess reperfusion after thrombolysis for acute myocardial infarction: results from TIMI 10A American heart journal. 1997;134(4):622-30.

BACKGROUND: The availability of a reliable, noninvasive serum marker of reperfusion may permit early identification of patients with occlusion after thrombolysis who might benefit from further interventions.

METHODS: We measured myoglobin, creatine kinase MB (CK-MB), and cardiac troponin-I (cTnI) concentrations in sera obtained just before thrombolysis (T0) and 60 minutes later (T60) in 30 patients given TNK-tPA for acute myocardial infarction as part of the Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) 10A trial.

RESULTS: Angiography at T60 showed reperfusion (TIMI flow grade 2 to 3; n = 19) or occlusion (TIMI flow grade 0 to 1; n = 8). The median serum T60 concentration, the ratio of the T60 and T0 serum concentration, and the slope of increase over a 60-minute period for each serum marker were significantly higher in patients with patent arteries compared with patients with occluded arteries. The areas under the receiver operator characteristics curve for diagnosis of occlusion were 0.96, 0.91, and 0.87 for the T60 concentration of myoglobin, CK-MB and cTnI, respectively. Although the T60 levels of <469 ng/ml for myoglobin, <11.5 ng/ml for CK-MB, and < 1.1 ng/ml for cTnI identified all patients with occlusion, the specificity of myoglobin (94%) was higher than that of CK-MB (61%) and cTnI (67%). Similar results were obtained for the 60-minute ratios and 60-minute slopes for each marker, with indexes for myoglobin having the highest specificity.

CONCLUSIONS: In this pilot study, noninvasive diagnosis of occlusion 60 minutes after thrombolysis was achieved with a high degree of sensitivity and specificity with the myoglobin, CK-MB, and cTnI concentrations measured at that time point. These preliminary findings may permit a new strategy for assessment of the success of reperfusion, with triage to rescue angioplasty for patients in whom the 60-minute cardiac marker values or indexes are consistent with occlusion of the infarct-related artery.

Trial: TIMI 10A