Abstract

Chaitman, B. R., Thompson, B. W., Kern, M. J., Vandormael, M. G., Cohen, M. B., Ruocco, N. A., Solomon, R. E., Braunwald, E. Tissue plasminogen activator followed by percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty: one-year TIMI phase II pilot results. TIMI Investigators American heart journal. 1990;119(2 Pt 1):213-23.

The TIMI phase II pilot study enrolled 288 patients with acute myocardial infarction who were treated with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA) within 4 hours of symptom onset and who were assigned to coronary angioplasty of the infarct-related vessel 18 to 48 hours after rt-PA treatment. The patients were followed to ascertain (1) vital status; (2) whether they suffered a recurrent myocardial infarction; (3) whether they received coronary angioplasty or bypass grafting; and (4) whether they were rehospitalized for a cardiac event. Risk factors for these events or combination of these events were identified and reported. The estimated 6-week, 6-month, and 1-year cumulative event rate of death or myocardial infarction was 9.1 +/- 1.7%, 12.9 +/- 2.0%, and 13.6 +/- 2.0%, respectively. With the exception of repeat hospital admissions, most of the above cardiac events occurred early during the patients' follow-up course. Cox proportional hazard analyses revealed that continuing chest pain after rt-PA administration, history of congestive heart failure, low systolic blood pressure at the time of initial evaluation, and history of hypertension increased the risk of death or recurrent myocardial infarction, while a history of chest discomfort at baseline evaluation and older age was predictive of future hospitalization or a revascularization procedure.

Trial: TIMI 2A