Abstract

Bhadriraju, S., Ray, K. K., DeFranco, A. C., Barber, K., Bhadriraju, P., Murphy, S. A., Morrow, D. A., McCabe, C. H., Gibson, C. M., Cannon, C. P., Braunwald, E. Association between blood glucose and long-term mortality in patients with acute coronary syndromes in the OPUS-TIMI 16 trial Am J Cardiol. 2006;97(11):1573-7.

Hyperglycemia in the context of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is a common observation, and existing data suggest that high glucose levels are associated with increased in-hospital mortality. We assessed the relation between random glucose and long-term mortality in 9,020 patients with ACS who were enrolled in the OPUS-TIMI 16 trial. A significant relation between glucose level and 10-month mortality was observed (2.7% in quartile 1 vs 7.0% in quartile 4, p <0.0001). After multivariable adjustment for co-morbidity, which included history of diabetes, this relation remained significant (quartile 4 vs 1, hazard ratio 1.70, 95% confidence interval 1.16 to 2.50, p = 0.006). These observations were similar in the TACTICS-TIMI 18 trial. In addition, we observed that B-type natriuretic peptide and troponin I levels increased across glucose quartiles in the OPUS-TIMI 16 trial (p values for trend = 0.002 and 0.0001, respectively) and the TACTICS-TIMI 18 trial (p values for trend = 0.006 and 0.0001, respectively). High blood glucose during ACS is an independent predictor of long-term mortality and is significantly correlated with prognostic biomarkers. Glucose levels during ACS may be an important addition to the risk stratification of patients with ACS and a potentially important target for therapy.

Trial: OPUS-TIMI 16