Abstract

Dupuis, J., Tardif, J. C., Rouleau, J. L., Ricci, J., Arnold, M., Lonn, E., Roux, R., Title, L. M., Amyot, R., Bonafede, N., Woo, A., Cannon, C. P. Intensity of lipid lowering with statins and brachial artery vascular endothelium reactivity after acute coronary syndromes (from the BRAVER trial) Am J Cardiol. 2005;96(9):1207-13.

The time course and differential effects of statin regimens on endothelial function after acute coronary syndromes (ACSs) are unknown and could contribute to the superiority of a more intense strategy. A subset of subjects who were enrolled in the PROVE IT-TIMI 22 trial (n = 50) underwent evaluation of vascular reactivity by high-resolution brachial ultrasound. Endothelium-dependent flow-mediated dilation (FMD) and endothelium-independent sublingual nitroglycerin-mediated dilation (NMD) were measured at baseline and at 48 hours, 1 month, and 4 months after the initiation of 40 mg of pravastatin (n = 26) or 80 mg of atorvastatin (n = 24). After 4 months, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol was decreased by 32% in the atorvastatin group but was not different from baseline after ACS in the pravastatin group. C-reactive protein decreased similarly in the 2 groups. Brachial artery diameters at rest were similar in the 2 groups and at each time point of the trial. FMD and NMD increased significantly after 4 months by 27% and 24%, respectively (p <0.05), with no difference between groups. There was no correlation between the change in FMD and the change in lipids or C-reactive protein. In subjects who had received previous statin therapy (n = 15), there was no significant variation in FMD (p = 0.140) and NMD (p = 0.129). In conclusion, initiation of statin therapy soon after ACS is associated with improvements in endothelium-dependent and independent vascular reactivities after 4 months.

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