Llevadot, J., Giugliano, R. P., McCabe, C. H., Cannon, C. P., Antman, E. M., Murphy, S., Gibson, C. M. Degree of residual stenosis in the culprit coronary artery after thrombolytic administration (Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction [TIMI] trials) Am J Cardiol. 2000;85(12):1409-13.

This study was undertaken to characterize residual stenosis after thrombolytic administration and to evaluate clinical and angiographic features and early outcomes of patients with mild residual obstruction after thrombolytic administration. Patients who underwent angiography at 90 minutes after thrombolytic administration in the Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction 4, 10A, 10B, and 14 trials were divided into 3 groups according to the degree of residual stenosis measured by quantitative coronary angiography: patients with a patent culprit artery with <50% stenosis, patients with patent arteries and residual stenosis > or =50%, and patients with occluded arteries. Only 8.9% of the patients (188 of 2,119) had an infarct-related artery luminal diameter stenosis of <50% 90 minutes after thrombolysis. Compared with patients with patent arteries and > or =50% stenosis, patients with mild residual obstruction were younger (56.8 vs 58.6 years; p = 0.03), had fewer prior myocardial infarctions (6.9% vs 13.3%; p = 0.01), fewer eccentric (19.8% vs 42.1%; p <0.0001), ulcerated (7.5% vs 13.2%; p = 0.03), and collateralized (6.6% vs 13.2%, p = 0.01) lesions, but a greater thrombus burden (29.7% vs 18.3%, p = 0.0002). Among patients with patent arteries, a residual stenosis of <50% was associated with a significantly lower composite of in-hospital death, myocardial infarction, and congestive heart failure (2.8% vs 7.1%, p = 0.03). Thus, a minority of patients have a mild residual obstruction at 90 minutes after thrombolytic administration. These patients have less complex lesions with greater thrombus burdens and better clinical outcomes.

Trial: TIMI 14